Portraits

 

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Artist’s Statements

 

1956
This is Tomorrow (catalogue), Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
1960
'Statements 1949–60', Uppercase 4
1961
'The Joining Edge', Gazette, No.1
1963
'Images without Temples' (statement and photographs), Living Arts, no.1, pp.14–27
1968
'Notes on Sculpture', Studio International, vol.176, November, pp.198–201
1969
'Colour in Sculpture', Studio International, vol.177, January, p.24
1972
'Liverpool', Studio International, July/August,
Livingstone, Marco: Pop Art (catalogue), Royal Academy of Arts, London, p.147

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Illustrated Books

 

1969
Basho - The Records of a Weather Exposed Skeleton, Alistair McAlpine Publishing Ltd., London (limited edition)
1970
The Garden of Caresses, translated from the Arabic by Franz Toussaint, drawings by William Turnbull, Alistair McAlpine Publishing Ltd., London (limited edition)
1976
Der Wassermaler, by Helmut Heissenbuttel, aquatints by William Turnbull, published by Sybil Albers, Zurich (limited edition)
1976
The Sculpture Of William Turnbull Published by The Henry Moore Foundation/Lund Humphries 2005

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Selected Bibliography

 

1950
Sylvester, David (intro.): William Turnbull (catalogue), Hanover Gallery, London
1952
Banham, Reyner: 'The Next Step', Art News and Review, 26 January
Ritchie, Andrew C.: Sculpture of the Twentieth Century (catalogue), Museum of Modern Art, New York
1953
Waldberg, Isabelle: 'Essor de la Sculpture Anglaise', Numero, vol.5, nos.1 & 2, January/March
Alloway, Lawrence: 'Britain's New Iron Age', ARTnews, vol.52, June, pp.18–20 & 68–70
1957
Alloway, Lawrence: 'Sculpture as Walls and Playgrounds', Architectural Design, January, p.26
Forge, Andrew: 'Round the London Galleries', The Listener, 10 October, p.547
Butcher, G.M: 'Alchemist Priest', Art News and Review, 12 October, p.10
Alloway, Lawrence (intro.): 'A Note on William Turnbull's Technique', William Turnbull (catalogue), Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
1958
Alloway, Lawrence: 'Marks and Signs', Ark, no.22, pp.37–41
1959
Seuphor, Michel: 'Le Choix d'un Critique', L'Oeil, no.49, p.31
Alloway, Lawrence (intro.): European Art Today (catalogue), Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
1960
Coleman, Roger: 'William Turnbull', Art News and Review, 13 August
Alloway, Lawrence: 'Avant Garde, London', Image, October
Seuphor, Michel: The Sculpture of this Century, Wittenbourne, New York
Geidion-Welcker, Carola: Contemporary Sculpture, Wittenbourne, New York
Alloway, Lawrence (intro.): 'Aphoristics and Monumental', William Turnbull (catalogue), Molton Gallery, London
Coleman, Roger (intro.): Situation (catalogue), R.B.A. Galleries, London
1961
Alloway, Lawrence: 'The Sculpture and Painting of William Turnbull', Art International, vol.5, no.1, 1 February, pp.46–52
Reichardt, Jasia: 'Bill Turnbull', Art News and Review, 22 April
'In Brancusi's Vein', The Times, 3 May
Langsner, Jules: 'The Way I See It', California, 11 May
Crosby, Theo: 'International Union of Architects Congress Building, South Bank', (statement by William Turnbull), Architectural Design, November, pp.484–509
Alloway, Lawrence (intro.): 'Sculpture', William Turnbull (catalogue), Molton Gallery, London
Kulterman, Udo: Neue Malerei in England (catalogue), Stadtisches Museum, Leverkusen, Germany
1962
Renfrew, Colin: 'The Tyranny of the Renaissance', CambridgeReview, 27 January, pp.219–223
Kulterman, Udo: Speculum Artis (Zurich), January/February
'LCC patronage of the arts', Art and Design, vol.XXXII, February
Kulterman, Udo: 'Neue Malerei in England', Das Kunstwerk, May, pp.2–9
Arnason, H. H. (intro.): Modern Sculpture in the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection
1963
Hakanson, Joy: 'British Artist's Massive Sculptures Shown Here', DetroitNews, December
Driver, Morley: 'The Panorama of Centuries', Art in Detroit, December
Turnbull (catalogue), Marlborough Gerson Gallery, New York
1964
Thieman, Eugen: 'William Turnbull', Das Kunstwerk, no.8/xvii, February, pp.7–23
Alloway, Lawrence (intro.): Guggenheim International (catalogue), Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Read, Herbert: A Concise History of Modern Sculpture, Thames & Hudson, London
International Directory of Contemporary Art, Editoriale Metro, Milan
Painting & Sculpture of a Decade (catalogue), Tate Gallery, London
1965
Rudlinger, Arnold: Signale (catalogue), Kunsthalle, Basel
Baro, Gene (intro.): 'Paintings', William Turnbull (catalogue), Bennington College, Vermont
1966
Baro, Gene: 'A Changed Englishman, William Turnbull', Art in America, vol.54, March/April, pp.102–103
Baro, Gene: 'Turnbull's Nudes', London Magazine, September, pp.39–43
Baro, Gene: 'British Sculpture: The Developing Scene', Studio International, October, pp.171–182
Langsner, Jules (intro.): William Turnbull (catalogue), Pavilion Gallery, Balboa, California
1967
Russell, J.: 'Down to the Bones', The Sunday Times, 16 April
Wolfram, E.: 'Profile of Turnbull', Art News and Review, April, p.113
Huberman, B.: 'La Aventura Artistica de William Turnbull', La Voz del Interior (Buenos Aires)
Whitford, Frank: 'The Paintings of William Turnbull', Studio, April, pp.202–204
Reichhardt, Jasia: 'William Turnbull', Architectural Design, May, p.205
Bowness, Alan: 'William Turnbull', IX Bienal Sao Paulo (catalogue), British Council
William Turnbull: Sculpture and Paintings (catalogue), The Waddington Galleries, London
1968
Sculpture 1967–68 (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
1970
Lynton, Norbert: 'Waddington: Minimal Art', The Guardian, 25 March
1971
Morphet, Richard: William Turnbull (catalogue), Alistair McAlpine Gift, Tate Gallery, London, pp.106–121
1972
Tate Gallery Acquisitions 1970–72, Tate Gallery Publications, London, pp.197–198
1973
Cohen, Bernard: 'William Turnbull - Painter and Sculptor', Studio International, vol.186, July/August, pp.9–16
Oille, Jennifer: 'William Turnbull', Arts Review, vol.XXV, no.17, August
McNay, Michael: 'More or Less', ManchesterGuardian, 18 August
Gaunt, William: 'William Turnbull', The Times, 22 August
Shepherd, Michael: 'Matter of Form', The Sunday Telegraph, 9 September
Hilton, Tim: 'The Scot who went to Paris', The Observer, 9 September
Whitford, Frank: 'Presbyterianischer Zen', Kunstforum, October, pp.205–210
Morphet, Richard (intro.): William Turnbull, Sculpture and Painting (catalogue), Tate Gallery, London
1974
Feaver, William: 'William Turnbull', Art International, September, vol.XVIII, no.7, pp.28–32
Morphet, Richard (intro.): Recent Paintings, Sculptures and Prints by William Turnbull (catalogue), Scottish Arts Council Gallery, Edinburgh
Kudielka, Robert (intro.): 'Bilder', William Turnbull (catalogue), Galerie Muller, Stuttgart
1976
Wright, Frederick S: The Potent Image, MacWilliam, pp.550–551
1977
Shone, Richard: The Century of Change: British Painting Since 1900, Phaidon Press, Oxford
1978
Burn, Guy: 'William Turnbull at Waddington & Tooth', Art Review, July
William Turnbull: Drawings (catalogue), Waddington & Tooth Galleries, London
1979
Cohen, Bernard: 'William Turnbull - Painter and Sculptor', Decade (Boston), February, pp.30–38
Wilson, Simon: British Art, Bodley Head, London
1981
Burr, James: 'Sculptural Intelligence', Apollo, March
Collier, Caroline: 'The Eternal Now', Arts Review, 13 March
Vaizey, Marina: 'William Turnbull', The Sunday Times, 15 March
Glaves-Smith, John: 'Turnbull', Art Monthly, no.45, April
William Turnbull (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
1982
Kramer, Hilton: 'William Turnbull', The New York Times, 8 January
Duncan, Stephen: 'Tension and Vitality, Figuration: Sculpture of the Fifties', Artscribe, no.35, June, pp.50–53
1983
William Turnbull (catalogue), Galerie Kutter, Luxembourg
1984
Ngui, Caroline: 'Sculpture with a Presence', The Straits Times, 19 September
Yu, Grace: 'Of subtle bronzes and cool stones', Business Times (Singapore), 24 September
Bevan, Roger (intro.): Kim Lim and William Turnbull (catalogue), National Museum of Singapore
Strachan, W. J.: Sutton Manor: permanent exhibition of XXth century sculpture, Sutton Manor Arts Centre, Hampshire
1985
Johnstone, Mog: 'William Turnbull' (review), Time Out, 5–11 December
William Turnbull (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
1986
Gooding, Mel: 'William Turnbull; Jock McFayden, Julian Trevelyan', Art Monthly, no.93, pp.16–17
Johnstone, Mog: 'William Turnbull', Artline, vol.3, no.1, pp.16–17
Massey, Anne: 'Pop at the I.C.A.', Art and Artists, no.236, May, pp.11–14
Heartney, Eleanor: 'William Turnbull at Dintenfass', Art in America, May
H. S.: 'William Turnbull', ARTnews, New York
1987
Massey, Anne: 'The Independent Group: towards a redefinition', Burlington Magazine, vol.129, no.1009, pp.232–42
Beaumont, Mary Rose: 'William Turnbull', Arts Review, 6 November, p.766
Russell, John: 'William Turnbull', The New York Times, 17 November
Russell Taylor, John: 'Shape of Things to Come', The Times, 17 November
Garlake, Margaret: 'Turnbull, Kestelman, Hyslop, McAleer', Art Monthly, December/January 1988, pp.25–26
Bevan, Roger (intro.): William Turnbull (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
1988
Thomas, Mona: 'La sculpture anglaise', Beaux Arts, November, no.62, p.106
Curtis, Penelope: Modern British Sculpture from the Collection, Tate Gallery, Liverpool, pp.79 & 89–90
Ollier, Bridget: 'La Sculpture anglaise prend aimant en Normandie', Libération
Grenier, Catherine, Françoise Cohen and Lynne Cooke: Britannica: Trente Ans de Sculpture (catalogue), Centre Régional d'Art Contemporain Midi-Pyrénées
1989
Dobbels, Daniel: 'La Croisade des Anglais', Libération, 19 April
Wilson, Simon: Tate Gallery: An Illustrated Companion, Tate Gallery Publications, London
Curtis, Penelope: Patronage & Practice: Sculpture on Merseyside, Tate Gallery, Liverpool
Hartley, Keith: Scottish Art since 1900 (catalogue), Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
1990
Morphet, Richard (intro.): Sculpture in the Close (catalogue), Jesus College, Cambridge
Renfrew, Colin: 'The Sculptures of William Turnbull', Sculpture in the Close (catalogue), Jesus College, Cambridge
Robbins, David: The Independent Group: Postwar Britain and the Aesthetics of Plenty, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London
1991
Phelps, Edward: 'Sculpture by the Spire', Arts Review, vol.XLIII, no.19, 20 September, p.467
Searle, Adrian: 'William Turnbull; Waddington's', Time Out, 9–16 October
Pearson, Fiona (ed.): Virtue and Vision, Sculpture and Scotland 1540–1990 (catalogue), National Galleries of Scotland
William Turnbull (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
Livingstone, Marco: Pop Art (catalogue), Royal Academy of Arts, London, p.147
1992
Ready, Steady, Go: Painting of the Sixties from the Arts Council Collection (catalogue), Arts Council and South Bank Centre, London
Sculpture (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
Le Cri et La Raison (catalogue), L'espace de l'art concret, Château de Mouans, Sartoux, Côtes d'Azur
William Turnbull (catalogue), Galeria Freites, Caracas
William Turnbull: New Sculpture (catalogue), Galerie Michael Haas, Berlin
New Beginnings: postwar British art from the collection of Ken Powell (catalogue), Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
Bevan, Roger: ‘”New Displays” at the Tate Gallery makes special rooms for Joseph Beuys and Rebecca Horn’, The Art Newspaper,no.16, March, p.4
1993               
Mellor, David: The Sixties Art Scene in London (catalogue), Barbican Art Gallery, London and Phaidon Press, London
1995
Elliott, Patrick: 'William Turnbull', Galleries Magazine, November
Packer, William: 'Totemic Images', The Financial Times, 21 November
'William Turnbull: Sculpture and paintings', The News Line, 21 November, p.7
Kent, Sarah: 'Matter in mind', Time Out, 22 November
Benjamin, Marina: 'A twitch away from the straight and narrow', The Evening Standard, 30 November, p.31
'Idols from far and near', Ham and High, 1 December
Cork, Richard: 'Watchful calm after the storm', The Times, 19 December, p.35
Cohen, Bernard: 'William Turnbull: Painter and Sculptor', Modern Painters, Winter, pp.30–35 (previously publ. in Art International, July/August 1973)
del Renzio, Toni: 'William Turnbull: Serpentine Gallery', Art Monthly, no.192, December–January, pp.37–38
Kent, Sarah: 'British Sculpture: A thumbnail sketch', Here and Now (exhibition brochure), Serpentine Gallery, London
Robertson, Bryan (intro.): British Abstract Art Part 2: Sculpture (catalogue), Flowers East, London
Sylvester, David (intro.): William Turnbull: sculpture and paintings (catalogue), Merrell Holberton and Serpentine Gallery, London
Of the Human Form (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
Elliott, Ann (intro.): Sculpture at Goodwood 1, The Hat Hill Sculpture Foundation, p.64
1996
Abadie, Daniel and Alan Bowness (intro.): un siècle de sculpture anglaise (catalogue), galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris
Capelo, Francisco (intro.): The Berardo Collection, Sintra Museum of Modern Art, Portugal
Renfrew, Colin (intro.): Sculpture in the Close (catalogue), Jesus College, Cambridge
Hindry, Ann: 'English Sculpture: Playing the Imagination', Art Press, no.214, June, pp.20-28 (text in English and French)
The 20th-Century Art Book, Phaidon Press, London
Bonn, Sally: L'Art en Angleterre 1945–1995, Nouvelles Editions Françaises, Paris
1997
Lynton, Norbert (intro.): 'Making Seen the Unseen', British Contemporary Sculpture 1997/8, Sculpture at Goodwood
Cowling, Elizabeth: Surrealism and After: The Gabrielle Keiller Collection (catalogue), Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
Born, Richard A. and Keith Hartley: From Blast to Pop: Aspects of Modern British Art, 1915–1965, David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago
1998
Lambirth, Andrew: 'Age of allusion', RA Magazine, Summer, p.21
Packer, William: 'Strength in their simplicity', The Financial Times, 30 June, p.18
Coomer, Martin: 'William Turnbull: Waddington', Time Out, 8–15 July, p.45
Hilton, Tim: 'Life's all kitsch isn't it?', The Independent on Sunday, 16 August
Lynton, Norbert: British Figurative Art: Part Two: Sculpture (catalogue), Flowers East, London
Causey, Andrew: Sculpture Since 1945, Oxford University Press
Renfrew, Colin (intro.): William Turnbull: Sculpture and Paintings (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
1999
Taplin, Robert: 'William Turnbull at Barbara Mathes', Art in America, February, pp.112–113
Spring, Justin: 'William Turnbull: Barbara Mathes Gallery', Artforum, vol.XXXVII, no.6, February, pp.100–101
Russell Taylor, John: 'Around the galleries: Colour Sculptures', The Times, 27 October
Robertson, Bryan: 'Colour as Form: British sculpture in the '60s', Modern Painters, vol.12, no.4, Winter, pp.30-34
Robertson, Bryan (intro.): Colour Sculptures: Britain in the sixties (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
Patrizio, Andrew: Contemporary Sculpture in Scotland, Craftsman House, Sydney
2000   
Thomas, Silke (intro.): gARTen, Galerie Thomas, Munich
Collischan, Judy: Welded Sculpture of the Twentieth Century (catalogue), Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, New York/Lund Humphries, London
Elliott, Ann and Tim Marlow: Sculpture at Goodwood: British Contemporary Sculpture, Goodwood
2001               
William Turnbull: Horses - Development of a Theme, Other Sculptures and Paintings (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
Wood, Jon (intro.): Close Encounters: The Sculptor's Studio in the Age of the Camera (catalogue), Henry Moore Institute, Leeds
Hyman, James: The Battle for Realism, Yale University Press, New Haven and London
2002
Canning, S.E: ‘William Turnbull: Sculpture’, The Art Newspaper, no.126, June, p.4
Harrison, Martin: Transition, The London Art Scene in the Fifties (catalogue), Barbican Art Galleries, London
Schmid, Gabriele (intro.): William Turnbull – Skulpturen (catalogue), Galerie Thomas, Munich
Meyric Hughes, Henry and Gijs van Tuyl:Blast to Freeze: British Art in the 20th Century (catalogue), Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg in association with Hatje Cantz Publishers
Garlake, Margaret (intro.): Henry Moore and the Geometry of Fear (catalogue), James Hyman Fine Art, London
United Kingdom United States, (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
2003
Renfrew, Colin: ‘The Art of Interpretation’, The Scotsman: Scotsman magazine, 15 March, pp.8-11
2004
William Turnbull: heads and figures 1953-56 (catalogue), James Hyman Fine Art, London
Stephens, Chris and Katherine Stout (eds.): Art and the 60s: This Was Tomorrow (catalogue), Tate Britain, London
William Turnbull, Waddington Galleries, London
Paintings, Sculpture and Works on Paper, Waddington Galleries, London
The challenge of post-war painting (catalogue), James Hyman Fine Art, London
William Turnbull: Paintings 1959 – 1963, Bronze Sculpture 1954 – 1958 (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London
2005
Davidson, Amanda A.: The Sculpture of William Turnbull, The Henry Moore Foundation, Hertfordshire in association with Lund Humphries, Hampshire
Lilley, Clare: William Turnbull Retrospective 1946-2003 (exhibition guide), Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield
Wainwright, Martin: ‘Sculpture park goes underground’, The Guardian, 14 May
Packer, William: ‘Goddesses of the north’, Financial Times, 16 May, p. 11
Harris, Lucien: 'What's On', The Art Newspaper, June, p. 7
40 Jahre Galerie Thomas, Nr.2, Galerie Thomas, Munich
2006
Bugler, Caroline (ed.): The Art Fund, 2005 Review, p. 64
2007
William Turnbull Sculpture & Paintings from 1946 to 1962 (catalogue), Waddington Galleries, London

 

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Public Collections

 

Albright-Knox Art Gallery
Buffalo, New York
Arts Council Collection, Hayward Gallery
London
Art Gallery of Ontario
Toronto
British Council
London
Contemporary Art Society, London
David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art
University of Chicago
Dundee Museum and Art Gallery
Franklin P. Murphy Sculpture Garden
U.C.L.A., Los Angeles
Glasgow Museum and Art Gallery
The Government Art Collection
London (Department for Culture, Media and Sport)
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Hull University Art Collection
Kingston-upon-Hull
Hunterian Art Gallery
University of Glasgow
McCrory Corporation
New York
Museum of Contemporary Art
Tehran
National Gallery of Art
Washington D.C.
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art
Edinburgh
Sintra Museum of Modern Art
Portugal - The Berardo Collection
Städtisches Museum
Leverkusen, Germany
Swindon Museum and Art Gallery
Sydney Opera House
Tate
London
Victoria and Albert Museum
London
Westfälisches Landesmuseum
Münster, Germany

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Group Exhibitions

 

1950
Les mains éblouis, Galerie Maeght, Paris
Aspects of British Art, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
1951
Abstract Art, Riverside Museum, New York
1952
XXVI Biennale, British Pavilion, Venice
Young Sculptors, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
1956
Contemporary Sculpture, Hanover Gallery, London
This is Tomorrow, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
1956–57
Yngre Brittiska Skulptorer, Gothenburg Museum; touring to Sandviken; Linköping; Tranås; Lund; Halsingborg; Halmstad; Falkenberg; Örebro; Stockholm
1957
Dimensions, O'Hana Gallery, London
Ten British Sculptors Exhibition, Biennale São Paulo; touring to Rio de Janeiro; Buenos Aires; Montevideo; Santiago; Lima; Caracas
1958
Contemporary British Sculpture, Arts Council of Great Britain, London; touring to Japson Gardens, Leamington Spa; Shrewsbury Castle; Bute Park, Cardiff
Exploration of Form, Tooth Gallery, London
New Trends in British Art, New York-Rome Art Foundation, Rome
Carnegie International, Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1959
Biennale, Middleheim, Antwerp
Bronzetti, Biennale d'Arte Triveneta, Padua
1959–60
European Art Today: 35 Painters and Sculptors, Minneapolis Institute of Arts; touring to Los Angeles County Museum; San Francisco Museum of Art; North Carolina Museum of Art; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa; French & Co., New York; Baltimore Museum of Art
1960
Situation, R.B.A. Galleries, London
The Mysterious Sign, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
Sculpture in the Open Air, Battersea Park, London
1961
Bronzetti, Biennale d'Arte Triveneta, Padua
Ten Sculptors, Marlborough New London Gallery
NewLondon Situation, Marlborough New London Gallery
2nd International Exhibition of Sculpture, Musée Rodin, Paris
Neue Malerei in England, Stadtisches Museum, Leverkusen, Germany
Carnegie International, Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1962
Maestri de XIX/XX Secolo, Marlborough Galleria d'Arte, Rome
Aspects of 20th Century Art, Marlborough Fine Art, London
Hoyland, Plumb, Stroud, Turnbull, Marlborough New London Gallery
Premio International de Escuoltura, Instituto di Tella, Buenos Aires
Mostra Internazionale de Scultura, Galleria Toninelli, Spoleto, Italy
Hirshhorn Collection, Solomon R. GuggenheimMuseum, New York
British Art Today, San Francisco Museum of Art; touring to Dallas Museum of Contemporary Art; Santa Barbara Museum of Art; Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1963
Junge Englische Maler, Kunsthalle, Basel
7th International Art Exhibition, Tokyo
Sculpture in the Open Air, Battersea Park, London
IV Biennale Internazionale d'Arte, SanMarino
1964
Contemporary British Painting and Sculpture, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
International Graphics, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NewYork
Profile III, Englische Kunst der Gegenwart, Stadtisches Kunstmuseum Bochum, Germany
Guggenheim International, Solomon R.Guggenheim Museum, New York
Painting and Sculpture of a Decade, Tate Gallery, London
1965
British Sculpture in the Sixties, Tate Gallery, London
Signale, Kunsthalle, Basel
Drawings from the Betty Parsons Collection, New York
Sculpture from the Albert A. List Family Collection, New School Art Center, NewYork
1966
Sculpture in the Open Air, Battersea Park, London
Sonsbeek Park, Arnhem
New Shapes and Forms of Colour, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
1967
Formen der Farbe, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart; touring to Kunsthalle, Bern
Guggenheim International, Solomon R.Guggenheim Museum, New York
1968
Documenta 4, Kassel, Germany
Sculpture in the City, Arts Council Gallery, London; touring to Post & Mail Building, Birmingham; Goree Piazza, Liverpool; Southampton Civic Centre
1969
Biennale, Middleheim, Antwerp
First International Exhibition of Modern Sculpture, Hakone Open Air Museum, Japan
1971
The Alistair McAlpine Gift, Tate Gallery, London
1972
20th Century Sculpture in Los Angeles Collections, U.C.L.A. Galleries, Los Angeles
1974
Kunstler machen Fahnen fur Rottweil, StadtfestRottweil, Germany
British Painting, Hayward Gallery, London
Artistas Graficos Britanicos de la Decade del 60, British Council exhibition; touring to Rio de Janeiro, Recife, Belo Horizonte, Brazilia, Sao Paulo, Curitiba, Porto Alegre, Mar del Plata, Rosario, Cordoba, Buenos Aires, Lima, Bogota, Medelin, Cali, Barranquila
1975
The Need to Draw, Scottish Arts Council Gallery, Edinburgh; touring to Aberdeen Art Gallery; Dundee City Art Gallery
1976
Arte Inglese Oggi, Palazzo Reale, Milan
The Human Clay, Hayward Gallery, London
1977
Hayward Annual, Hayward Gallery, London
Silver Jubilee Exhibition of British Sculpture, Battersea Park, London
Color en la Pintura Britanica, British Council exhibition; touring to Rio de Janeiro, Brazilia, Curitiba, São Paulo, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Bogota, Mexico City
Drawings and Watercolours of Distinction, Victor Waddington Gallery, London
Private Images (photographs by sculptors), Los Angeles County Museum of Art
British Painting 1952–77, Royal Academy of Arts, London
1977–78
Series, Tate Gallery, London
Carved-Modelled-Constructed, Tate Gallery, London
1978
Groups, Waddington & Tooth Galleries, London
The Mechanised Image, Arts Council of Great Britain exhibition; touring to Portsmouth; Sheffield; London; Kingston-upon-Hull; Newcastle upon Tyne; Aberdeen
The Museum of Drawers, Cooper-HewittMuseum, New York; touring to
Kunsthaus, Zurich
John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool (2nd prize)
1979
Sculpture Européenne, Château Malou, Brussels
Groups II, Waddington Galleries, London
Tate 79 (inaugural exhibition for the new extension), Tate Gallery, London
1980
Groups III, Waddington Galleries, London
1981
Sculpture for the Blind, Tate Gallery, London
Artists in Camden, Camden Arts Centre, London
1981-1982
British Sculpture in the Twentieth century: Part 1: Image and Form 1901-1950 / Part 2: Symbol and Imagination 1951-1980, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
1982
A Selection from the permanent collection of prints, Tate Gallery, London
Sculpture, Waddington Galleries, London
1983–84
Views and Horizons, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield
Drawing in Air, an Exhibition of Sculptors Drawings 1882–1982, Sunderland Arts Centre exhibition, Ceolfrith Gallery, Sunderland; touring to Glynn Vivian Art Gallery & Museum, Swansea; City Art Gallery and Henry Moore Study Centre, Leeds
1985
Sculptors' Drawings, Scottish Arts Council Gallery, Edinburgh
Hands, Anne Berthoud Gallery, London
Twenty-Five Years, Annely Juda/Juda Rowan Gallery, London
Malerei Plastik Objekt, Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany
1986
Forty Years of Modern Art 1945–1985, Tate Gallery, London
British Sculpture 1950–1965, New Art Centre, London
From Figuration to Abstraction, Annely Juda Fine Art, London
Sculpture and Works in Relief, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco
Trends in Geometric Abstract Art: The Riklis Collection of the McCrory Corporation, Tel Aviv Museum, Israel
1987               
British Art in the Twentieth Century: The Modern Movement, Royal Academy of Arts, London; touring to Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart
Ancient & Modern, McAlpine Gallery, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
Forty Years of British Sculpture, National Gallery and Alexander Soutzos Museum, Athens
1988   
Abstract Art From Sheffield's Collection, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield
Sculpture, Waddington Galleries, London
Britannica: Trente Ans de Sculpture, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Le Havre;
touring to Musée de l'Evêché, Evreux; Ecole d'Architecture de Normandie, Rouen; Museum Van Hedendaagse Kunst, Antwerp (here re-titled 'British Sculpture 1960–1988'); Centre Régional d'Art Contemporain, Toulouse
Glasgow Garden Festival, Glasgow
Minimalistische Tendenzen Sammlung Sybil Albers, Stiftung fur Konstruktive und Konkrete Kunst, Zurich
Modern British Sculpture from the Collection, Tate Gallery, Liverpool
1988–89
Sculpteurs Anglais du XXième Siècle, Artcurial, Paris
1989
The London Opening, Scottish Gallery, London
From Picasso to Abstraction, Annely Juda Fine Art, London
Post War Sculpture, Arnold Herstand & Company, New York
Scottish Art Since 1900, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh; touring to Barbican Art Gallery, London
Aus der Sammlung Sybil Albers - Barrier, Stiftung fur Konstruktive und Konkrete Kunst, Zurich
1989–90
From Prism to Paintbox: Colour Theory and Practice in British Painting, Oriel Gallery, Clwyd; touring to Warrington Museum & Art Gallery; Cooper Art Gallery, Barnsley
1990
Studies on Paper, Contemporary British Sculptors, Connaught Brown, London
20th Century Scottish Drawings, Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh
164th Annual Exhibition 1990, Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh (guest artist)
New Hanging, Tate Gallery, London
Hands, Grob Gallery, London
For the Collector: Important 20th Century Sculpture, Meredith Long & Company, Houston, Texas
1990–91
The Independent Group: Postwar Britain and the Aesthetics of Plenty, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London; touring to IVAM Centro Julio Gonzalez, Valencia; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; University Art Museum, University of California at Berkeley; Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire
1991
British Art from 1930, Waddington Galleries, London
Avant-Garde British Printmaking 1914–60, The British Museum, London
New Displays 1991, Tate Gallery, London
Virtue and Vision: Sculpture and Scotland 1540–1990, Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh
Saved for Scotland, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh
Sculpture Garden at Roche Court, New Art Centre, Wiltshire
Sculpture by the Spire/Salisbury Festival, Salisbury Cathedral Close and Courcoux & Courcoux Gallery, Salisbury
1992
4 Sculpteurs Anglais: Armitage, Caro, Chadwick, Turnbull, Artcurial, Paris
Ready, Steady, Go: Painting of the Sixties from the Arts Council Collection, Royal Festival Hall, South Bank Centre, London; touring Britain
Sculpture, Waddington Galleries, London
New Realities, Art in Western Europe 1945–68, Tate Gallery, Liverpool
Le Cri et la Raison, L'espace de l'art concret, Château de Mouans, Sartoux, Côtes d'Azur
New Beginnings: Postwar British Art from the collection of Ken Powell, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh; touring to Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield
1993
A Sculptor's Landscape, New Art Centre, London
Sculpture Garden at Roche Court, New Art Centre, Wiltshire
Works from the Collection, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield
The Sixties Art Scene in London, Barbican Art Gallery, London
1994
Sculpture Garden at Roche Court, New Art Centre, Wiltshire
Back to the Future: Contemporary British Sculpture at Arundel Great Court, curated for Andersen Consulting by Art Guidelines Ltd
TresorsFair, Singapore
1995
Sculpture Garden at Roche Court, New Art Centre, Wiltshire
Here and Now, Serpentine Gallery, London
British Abstract Art Part 2: Sculpture, Flowers East, London
Of the Human Form, Waddington Galleries, London
1996
un siècle de sculpture anglaise, galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris
British Abstract Art Part 3: Works on Paper, Flowers East, London
Mostly Monochrome, Green on Red Gallery, Dublin
Sculpture in the Close, Jesus College, Cambridge
1997
From Blast to Pop: Aspects of Modern British Art, 1915–1965, David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago
Surrealism and After: The Gabrielle Keiller Collection, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
1998
British Figurative Art: Part Two: Sculpture, Flowers East, London
1998–99
Transistors: New Small Sculpture from Scotland, organised by the Iwate Art Festival UK98, Morioka Hashimoto Museum of Art, Japan; touring to the Royal Scottish Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh
1999
Colour Sculptures: Britain in the Sixties, Waddington Galleries, London
British Sculpture, Schloss Ambras, Innsbruck, Austria
2000               
Welded Sculpture of the Twentieth Century, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, New York
2001-2002      
Close Encounters: The Sculptor's Studio in the Age of the Camera, Henry Moore Institute, Leeds
2002   
Transition: The London Art Scene in the Fifties, Barbican Art Gallery, London
United Kingdom United States, Waddington Galleries, London
Henry Moore and the Geometry of Fear,James Hyman Fine Art, London
2002-2003      
Blast to Freeze: British Art in the 20th Century, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Germany; touring to Les Abattoirs, Toulouse
2003
Pour l’amour de Vénus, Donjon de Vez, Vez, France
2004               
The challenge of post-war painting, James Hyman Fine Art, London
Design and Artists Copyright Society (DACS): Twenty Years, The Mall Galleries, London
2004-2005
Art and the 60s: This Was Tomorrow, Tate Britain, London; touring to Gas Hall, Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery
2005
40 Jahre Galerie Thomas, Nr 2, Galerie Thomas, Munich
2006
Please close the gate: painted sculpture at Roche Court, New Art Centre, Roche Court, Salisbury
2007
Circa 1967: Works from the Arts Council Collection, Milton Keynes Gallery
A Tribute to Sir Colin St John Wilson, James Hyman Gallery, London

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Solo Exhibitions

 

1950
Hanover Gallery, London (sculpture)
1952
Hanover Gallery, London (sculpture and paintings)
1957
Institute of Contemporary Arts, London (sculpture and paintings)
1960
Molton Gallery, London (sculpture)
1961
Molton Gallery, London (paintings)
1963
Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York (sculpture)
Art Institute, Detroit (sculpture)
1965
Bennington College, Vermont (paintings)
Galerie Müller, Stuttgart (paintings)
1966
Pavilion Gallery, Balboa, California (sculpture and paintings)
1967
Waddington Galleries, London (sculpture and paintings)
1967–68
IX Bienal, São Paulo; touring to Museo de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro; Museo National de Belles Artes, Buenos Aires; Institute de Artes Plasticas, Santiago (sculpture and paintings)
1968
Hayward Gallery, London (paintings)
1969
Waddington Galleries, London (lithographs)
1970
Waddington Galleries, London (sculpture and paintings)
1973
Tate Gallery, London (sculpture and paintings retrospective)
1974
Scottish Arts Council, Edinburgh (sculpture, paintings and prints)
Galerie Müller, Stuttgart (paintings)
1976
Waddington Galleries, London (paintings and prints)
1978
Waddington and Tooth Galleries, London (drawings)
1981
Waddington Galleries, London (sculpture)
The Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh (sculpture)
1982
Waddington & Shiell Fine Art, Toronto and Theo Waddington Fine Arts, New York (sculpture)
1983
Galerie Kutter, Luxembourg (sculpture)
1984
National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore (sculpture, with Kim Lim)
1985
Waddington Galleries, London (sculpture)
1986
Terry Dintenfass Inc., New York (sculpture)
1987
Galerie Folker Skulima, Berlin (sculpture)
Waddington Galleries, London (sculpture retrospective)
1988
Terry Dintenfass Inc., New York (sculpture)
1988–89
John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco (sculpture)
1989
Arnold Herstand & Company, New York (sculpture and drawings)
1990
Jesus College, Cambridge (sculpture)
1991
Waddington Galleries and The Economist Plaza, London (sculpture)
1992
Galeria Freites, Caracas (sculpture)
Galerie Michael Haas, Berlin (sculpture)
Galerie von Braunbehrens, Munich (sculpture)
1994
Galerie Sander, Darmstadt (sculpture)
1995–96
Serpentine Gallery, London (sculpture and paintings retrospective)
1998
Waddington Galleries, London (sculpture and paintings)
Barbara Mathes Gallery, New York (sculpture)
2001
Waddington Galleries, London (sculpture and paintings)
2002
Galerie Thomas, Munich (sculpture)
Barbara Mathes Gallery, New York (sculpture)
2004
ames Hyman Fine Art, London (works on paper)
Waddington Galleries, London (sculpture and paintings)
2005
Yorkshire Sculpture Park (sculpture, painting and works on paper)
2006
Duveen Galleries, Tate Britain, London
2007
Waddington Galleries, London (paintings and sculpture)

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Biography

 

1922
Born Dundee, Scotland, 11 January
1937
After leaving school he takes odd jobs as a labourer, and attends art classes two or three evenings a week at Dundee University where he is taught by the landscape painter James McIntosh Patrick
1939–41
Employed in the illustration department of D.C. Thompson, a national periodical company in Dundee, where he works alongside a number of designers and illustrators
1941
Drafted into the Services, he joins the RAF as a pilot, and flies on war service in Canada, India and Ceylon
1946
Accepted into the painting department at the Slade School of Fine Art, London, but almost immediately transfers to the sculpture department
1947
Spends six weeks travelling in Italy, and on the way back visits Paris for the first time
1948
Moves to Paris where he meets Léger, Giacometti and Brancusi among others
1950
In February, he has a joint exhibition with Eduardo Paolozzi at the Hanover Gallery, London, organized by a mutual friend David Sylvester. At the end of the year, takes up permanent residence in London. Makes two films with Alan Forbes, an American living in London, which are later shown at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) 1952 Included in ‘Young Sculptors’ at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA), the focal point for new art in London. Becomes a member of the Independent Group, a splinter group within the ICA which became an important forum for discussion and debate. Included in ‘New Aspects of British Sculpture’, an exhibition in the British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale selected by Herbert Read. Teaches experimental design at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, London, a part-time position he holds until 1961
1955
Makes his first standing figure, a subject that represents a new preoccupation with stillness and silence
1957
Abandons figurative references in his painting. Visits the USA for the first time and travels to New York where he is introduced to Mark Rothko and Barnett Newman by Donald Blinken
1960
Marries sculptor and printmaker, Kim Lim. They have two sons, Alex and Johnny
1962–63
First visits to Japan, Cambodia, and Lim’s native Singapore. A series of gate sculptures followed, inspired by the religious sites he had visited on his recent travels
1964
Teaches sculpture part-time at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, a position he holds until 1972. Begins working in steel, a medium he continues to explore over the next eight years or so
1967–68
Works in Perspex and fibreglass, materials he values for their reflective quality and their transparency
1969
Designs Basho: The Records of a Weathered Exposed Skeleton, a book of haiku poetry by the seventeenth-century Japanese writer Matsuo Basho, published in a limited edition by Alistair McAlpine Publishing Ltd, London
1970
Makes a series of drawings to illustrate The Garden of Caresses, an anonymous Arabian text from around the tenth century A.D., published in a limited edition by Alistair McAlpine Publishing Ltd, London
1972 C
ommissioned by the Peter Stuyvesant Foundation to create a public sculpture for the Peter Stuyvesant City Sculpture Project, for which eight cities were asked to show sculptures by two artists for six months. Turnbull was invited to show in Liverpool
1973
Major retrospective exhibition opens at the Tate Gallery, organized by Richard Morphet. On seeing all his work together in one exhibition, Turnbull decides to re-think the direction of his work. He begins to move away from the more modular, steel sculptures he had been creating and returns to the moulded, textured work of his early career
1982
Included in the second part of a major survey of British sculpture in the 20th century, ‘Symbol and Imagination 1951–1980’, at the Whitechapel Art Gallery
1984
Joint exhibition with Kim Lim at the National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore
1987
Included in ‘British Art in the Twentieth Century: The Modern Movement’ at the Royal Academy of Arts, London touring to Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
1995
An exhibition of sculpture and paintings, selected by David Sylvester, opens at the Serpentine Gallery in November
1998
Exhibition of sculpture and paintings opens at Waddington Galleries in June
2001
‘Horses – Development of a theme, Other Sculptures and Paintings’ opens at Waddington Galleries in June
2004
Large Horse, 1990, installed at Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield. Exhibition of paintings and bronze sculpture opens at Waddington Galleries in November
2005
Major exhibition, ‘William Turnbull: Retrospective 1946–2003’, opens at Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield in May
2006
Survey exhibition of sculpture opens at Tate Britain’s Duveen Galleries in June
2007
Exhibition of sculpture and paintings opens at Waddington Galleries in January
 
Lives and works in London

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All artworks © copyright 2017 William Turnbull

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